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Does a switch of budget regimes affect investment and managerial discretion of state-owned enterprises?: evidence from Italian firms

By Elisabetta Bertero and Laura Rondi


We investigate the investment decisions of Italian state-owned enterprises (SOEs) across budget constraint regimes and carry out a natural experiment that exploits a regime switch in 1987. Drawing on the theory of capital market imperfections, we apply an empirical framework for investment analysis to a panel of manufacturing SOEs in competitive industries. We identify parallels between SOEs and widely held, quoted companies afflicted by agency problems, managerial discretion, and overinvestment. We argue that, in the case of SOEs, the soft budget regime increases managerial discretion, facilitates collusion with vote-seeking politicians, and results in wasteful investment. Consistent with our predictions, we find that the regime switch disciplines SOE's investment behavior. Following a hardening of the budget constraint, managers lose discretion to indulge in collusion and overinvestment

Topics: HB Economic Theory
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2002
DOI identifier: 10.1006/jcec.2002.1805
OAI identifier:
Provided by: LSE Research Online
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