Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

European study of long-term care expenditure: investigating the sensitivity of projections of future long-term care expenditure in Germany, Spain, Italy and the United Kingdom to changes in assumptions about demography, dependency, informal care, formal care and unit costs

By Adelina Comas-Herrera, Joan Costa-i-Font, Cristiano Gori, Alessandra di Maio, ConcepciĆ³ Patxot, Linda Pickard, Alessandro Pozzi, Heinz Rothgang and Raphael Wittenberg


This European study of long-term care expenditure investigates the key factors that are likely to affect the future expenditure on long-term care services in Germany, Spain, Italy and the United Kingdom. The approach involves investigating how sensitive long-term care projections are to assumptions made about future trends in different factors, using comparable projection models. The main factors investigated in this study include demography changes, trends in functional dependency (defined as the ability to perform activities of daily living), future availability of informal care, the structure of formal care services and patterns of provision, and the future unit costs of services

Topics: HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Publisher: PSSRU
Year: 2003
OAI identifier:
Provided by: LSE Research Online

Suggested articles


  1. (1999). Ageing and Care for Frail Elderly Persons: An Overview of International Perspectives. doi
  2. (1994). Ageing and the Care of Older People in Europe. doi
  3. (2000). Caring for Older People: An Assessment of Community Care in the 1990s. doi
  4. (1989). Caring for People: Community Care in the Next Decade and Beyond. Cm 849.
  5. (2001). Designing an independent LTC system: in general and
  6. (2000). Equity and Efficiency Policy in Community Care. Needs, Service Productivities, Efficiencies and Their Implications.
  7. (2002). Long-Term Care for the Elderly in Germany. Centre for Social Policy Research, doi
  8. (2002). Long-term care for the elderly in Italy. Paper presented to Seminar on EU-funded project
  9. (2002). Long-term care in Spain: a proposal of a reference model. Paper presented to Seminar on EU-funded project
  10. (1998). Modernising Social Services. The Stationery Office: London.
  11. (1996). OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development) doi
  12. (1997). Paying for long-term care: a comparative perspective. doi
  13. (2000). People Aged 65 and Over. Results of an Independent Study Carried out
  14. (2000). Secretary of State for Health doi
  15. (2000). Shaping the Future NHS: Long Term Planning for Hospitals and Related Services.
  16. (1996). Social Care Markets. Progress and Prospects. doi
  17. (2002). Spain: Old people Frequently Live with their Families. doi
  18. (2000). The models project that the proportion of GDP required to fund long-term care services will rise significantly under the central projection between

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.