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Sophrosyne in Plato and Methodius

By Emma Karkkainen Mongoven


This thesis examines the concept and sphere of application of sophrosyne\ud (moderation, temperance) in Plato's Charmides, Republic and Symposium and in Methodius of Olympus' Symposium. It considers Methodius' Symposium as an\ud instance of the reception of Plato, and examines the similarities and differences in usage of sophrosyne between Plato and Methodius and the ways in which each\ud author's use differs from that of his contemporaries. While Methodius's general\ud concept of sophrosyne is nearly identical to Plato's and his application of sophrosyne to people regardless of any social distinction closely parallels that of\ud Plato, he offers a different perspective on the place of individual sophrosyne in a community and reintroduces the idea of gender by suggesting that sophrosyne has an inherent masculinity

Year: 2014
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