This thesis focuses on the phenomenon of the modernization of rural France. The author looks at the objectification of the rural people as simple quaint peasants who were being invaded by a polluting modern world. Some regions has been overrun by outside tourist industries that did not allow the local people to benefit from the new economy. Why does France feel the need to insist on a single immutable French culture? How is it that French culture has been shaped by purposeful efforts at building and creating a supposedly shared identity stretching back to Gallic roots? Further discussed are various aspects of French social and educational policy and how the French government participates in an articulation of French identity. Methodology includes a literature review and interviewing residents in the hamlet of Le Chatelard and surrounding areas
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