In this chapter, we discuss the ways in which a biological explanation of autism has been refashioned into a neurological account of neurodiversity. The neurodiversity discourse functions as a critical tool with which people with autism may engage with negative and disabling mainstream models of autism. We outline the development of the neuro diversity movement, which claims autism as a difference from (and often as a superior identity to) 'neurologically typicals' (NTs). The chapter draws on the concept of 'biological citizens' alongside a construction of neurodiversity.
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