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SnapShot: Evolution of Human Influenza A Viruses

By Isabel Wendel, Mikhail Matrosovich and Hans Dieter Klenk


The major natural hosts of influenza A viruses are wild aquatic birds. Occasionally, viruses are transmitted to mammalian and other avian species, including humans. Due to the high mutation rate and reassortment of the viral genome, the viruses may undergo adaptation to humans and then give rise to a pandemic

Publisher: Elsevier Inc.
Year: 2015
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.chom.2015.02.001
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