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Inconsistency between Self-Reported Energy Intake and Body Mass Index among Urban, African-American Children

By Yamaguchi Miwa, Steeves Elizabeth Anderson, Shipley Cara, Hopkins Laura C., Cheskin Lawrence J. and Gittelsohn Joel

Abstract

To prevent obesity, it is important to assess dietary habits through self-reported energy intake (EI) in children. We investigated how EI is associated with body mass index and which elements of dietary habits and status are associated with EI among African-American (AA) children. BMI-for-age percentile) among the quartiles of EI/BMR ratio using the third quartile for the reference. The differences in the age-adjusted mean EI/BMR among the categories of dietary habits, social support, and socio economic status were analyzed using a general linear model. = 0.03). Further, the group that reported eating breakfast under 4 times/week indicated an adjusted mean EI/BMR lower than the group that ate breakfast over 5 times/week in both sexes.When EI was under-reported with reference to BMR, we may observe high prevalence of obesity. Further, food preparation by children and frequent consumption of breakfast may instill food cognition with usual dietary habits. Therefore, holistic assessments including dietary habits are required to examine self-reported food intake especially among overweight/obese children

Publisher: Public Library of Science
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1371/journal.pone.0168303
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