10.1111/j.1469-0691.2006.01512.x

Post-operative aspergillosis

Abstract

ABSTRACTWhile invasive aspergillosis occurs typically in severely immunocompromised patients, cases of surgical site infection have been reported in immunocompetent individuals. The Medline, LILACS and EMBASE databases were searched for descriptions of cases of post-operative aspergillosis, and references from relevant articles and conference abstracts were reviewed. More than 500 cases of post-operative aspergillosis were found. Cardiac surgery (n = 188), ophthalmological surgery (n > 90) and dental surgery (n > 100) were associated with the majority of cases. Other cases involved wound infections (n = 22), bronchial infections (n = 30), mediastinitis (n = 11), pleural aspergillosis (n = 1), infections following orthopaedic surgery (n = 42), vascular prosthetic surgery (n = 22), breast surgery (n = 5), abdominal surgery (n = 10) and neurosurgery (n = 25). In most patients, the source was presumed to be airborne infection during the surgical procedure. Prevention of these infections requires special care of the ventilation system in the operating room. Successful treatment requires rapid diagnosis, surgical debridement and antifungal therapy, often with voriconazole. In order to improve the outcome, better diagnostic methods are needed, particularly for cases of endocarditis and aortitis

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