<p>Objective: Systemic low graded inflammation has been identified as a possible biological pathway in late-life depression. Identification of inflammatory markers and their association with characteristics of depression is essential with the aim to improve diagnosis and therapeutic approaches. This study examines the determinants of plasma Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin (NGAL), which is selectively triggered by TNF alpha. receptor 1 signaling within the central nervous system, and its association with late-life depressive disorder.</p><p>Methods: Baseline data were obtained from a well-characterized prospective cohort study of 350 depressed and 129 non-depressed older persons (>= 60 years). Past 6 month diagnosis of major depressive disorder (MDD) according to DSM-IV-TR criteria was assessed with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI 2.0). Potential determinants of plasma NGAL included sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle and psychiatric and physical comorbidity.</p><p>Results: Plasma NGAL concentrations were significantly associated with age, male gender, smoking and waist circumference. Adjusted for these determinants, depressed patients had significantly higher NGAL plasma levels compared to non-depressed comparison group. Depressed patients who did not meet full criteria for MDD in the month before sampling (partially remitted) had lower plasma NGAL levels compared with those who did. Subjects with a recurrent depression had higher plasma NGAL levels compared to those with a first episode. NGAL levels were neither related with specific symptom profiles of depression nor with antidepressant drug use.</p><p>Conclusion: Adjusted for confounders, NGAL plasma levels are increased in depressed older persons, without any effect of antidepressant medication and age of onset. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.</p>
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