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β2 Integrins and ICAM-1 Are Involved in Establishment of the Intestinal Mucosal T Cell Compartment

By James W Huleatt and Leo Lefrançois


AbstractDevelopment of the mucosal immune system was examined in mice with partial loss of expression of ICAM-1 or CD18. Profound effects on Peyer's patch (PP), lamina propria (LP), and intraepithelial lymphocyte (IEL) T cell populations were observed in mu- tant mice. Normal expression of CD18 integrins and ICAM-1 was essential for development of the CD8αβ TCRαβ LP and IEL compartment and for the generation of normal PP lymphocyte populations. The partial loss of CD8αβ IEL correlated with the loss of TCRαβ IEL-mediated lytic activity. The presence of a subset of Thy1+ TCRγδ IEL was also dependent on CD18 integrins and ICAM-1. Both the lytic activity and the expression of CD11c by TCRγδ IEL were up-regulated in the presence of TCRαβ T cells. Analysis of bone marrow chimeras demonstrated that a bone marrow–derived ICAM-1+ accessory cell was involved in the generation of some TCRαβ IEL. These results demonstrated that ICAM-1 and β2 integrins were required for establishment of a normal intestinal immune system

Publisher: Cell Press.
Year: 1996
DOI identifier: 10.1016/S1074-7613(00)80321-0
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