The transition to a low carbon economy provides potential opportunities for Indigenous communities living in remote areas of Australia. Recent studies and trial projects indicate a potential range of benefits from early season fire management, biosequestration, bioenergy production, permaculture gardens and energy monitoring services. Remote Indigenous communities in Australia typically have few employment opportunities, and the health and socio-economic statistics of residents indicate several disadvantages compared to the average non-Indigenous Australian. Despite this many communities maintain a strong culture and a wealth of traditional knowledge, particularly in relation to natural resource management. \ud \ud Given the carbon profile in communities is highly influenced by their dependency on external factors such as energy, housing, food and general service supplies and lack of internal resources a model has been developed to investigate the effect of transitioning communities to a more self-sufficient 'sustainable livelihood' structure to address carbon emissions and also provide a suite of other benefits. \ud \ud The model being developed includes carbon sequestration opportunities for communities coupled with carbon emission reduction strategies for the six key sources including materials, construction processes, operating energy, transport, water and waste systems. The carbon sources and sinks are being measured using a life cycle analysis approach
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