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Endoscope-Assisted Cerebellopontine Angle Surgery

By Yang Shi-ming, Yu Li-Mei, Zou Yi-hui, Yu Li-Ming, Ji Fei, Yang Wei-yan and Han Dong-yi

Abstract

AbstractObjectiveTo report experiences with use of otoendoscopy in cerebellopontine angle (CPA) surgeries.MethodsTwenty five cases of CPA surgeries performed between November 2002 and December 2008 in which microscope enabled otoendoscopy was used were reviewed.The 25 cases included 19 cases of acoustic neuroma, 3 cases of CPA facial nerve tumors, 1 case of trigeminal neurinoma, a case of glossopharyngeal neuralgia and 1 case of hemifacial spasm. Endoscopy was used in all cases together with monitoring of brainstem auditory responses and facial electromyography. Postoperative hearing and facial nerve function were evaluated and compared to pre-operative levels.ResultsEndoscopy provided improved visualization of local anatomy, revealed hidden lesions and reduced unnecessary anatomical distortions. Total resection was achieved in 18 of the 19 acoustic neuroma cases, Facial nerve anatomical integrity was preserved in all 19 cases. One week postoperative House-Brackmann grading was I in 3 cases, II in 10 cases and III in 6 cases. Facial nerve function continued to improve in some cases at 3 months. Total tumor resection was achieved in all 3 patients with facial neurinoma. The facial nerve was sacrificed in 2 of the 3 cases with primary faciohypoglossal nerve anastomosis. Facial nerve function was Grade II and Grade III one year after surgery, respectively. In the case with anatomically preserved facial nerve, postoperative facial nerve function was initially Grade III and improved to II at 3 months. The tumor was completely resected in the trigeminal neurinoma patient with a Grade III postoperative facial nerve function which improved Grade II three months later. Seventeen of the 19 patients with acoustic neuroma retained hearing postoperatively, of these 12 maintained preoperative levels of hearing. Preoperative hearing capacity was preserved in 2 of the 3 patients with facial nerve tumors, but lost in patients with other tumor types. Glossopharyngeal neurotomy (n=1) and microvascular decompression (n=1) resulted in satisfactory symptom relief and no recurrence at 5- and 3-year follow up, respectivelyConclusionsOtoendos aope-aided technique greatly helps surgical management of CPA and internal auditory canal lesions and other disorders. This minimally invasive technique overcomes many shortcomings inherent to the traditional retrosigmoid approach

Publisher: PLA General Hospital Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V.
Year: 2009
DOI identifier: 10.1016/S1672-2930(09)50007-4
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