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Long-term residual radioactivity in an intermediate-energy proton linac

By J. Blaha, F.P. La Torre, M. Silari and J. Vollaire


AbstractA new 160MeV H− linear accelerator (LINAC4) is being installed at CERN to replace the present 50MeV LINAC2 as proton injector of the PS Booster (PSB). During operation, the accelerator components will be activated by the beam itself and by the secondary radiation field. Detailed Monte Carlo simulations, for various beam energies and several decay times, were performed to predict the residual radioactivity in the main accelerator components and to estimate the residual dose rate inside the tunnel. The results of this study will facilitate future dismantling, handling and storage of the activated parts and consequently minimize the radiation dose to involved workers. The component activation was also compared with the exemption limits given in the current Swiss legislation and to the CERN design values, in order to make predictions for the future storage and disposal of radioactive waste. The airborne radioactivity induced by particles escaping the beam dump and the activation of the beam dump cooling water circuit were also quantified. The aim of this paper is to provide data of sufficiently general interest to be used for similar studies at other intermediate-energy proton accelerator facilities

Publisher: CERN for the benefit of the Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.nima.2014.03.058
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