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Characterization of soluble glycoprotein D-mediated herpes simplex virus type 1 infection

By Marianna Tsvitov, Arthur R. Frampton, Waris A. Shah, Steven K. Wendell, Ali Ozuer, Zoher Kapacee, William F. Goins, Justus B. Cohen and Joseph C. Glorioso

Abstract

AbstractHerpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) entry into permissive cells involves attachment to cell-surface glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and fusion of the virus envelope with the cell membrane triggered by the binding of glycoprotein D (gD) to cognate receptors. In this study, we characterized the observation that soluble forms of the gD ectodomain (sgD) can mediate entry of gD-deficient HSV-1. We examined the efficiency and receptor specificity of this activity and used sequential incubation protocols to determine the order and stability of the initial interactions required for entry. Surprisingly, virus binding to GAGs did not increase the efficiency of sgD-mediated entry and gD-deficient virus was capable of attaching to GAG-deficient cells in the absence of sgD. These observations suggested a novel binding interaction that may play a role in normal HSV infection

Publisher: Elsevier Inc.
Year: 2007
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.virol.2006.10.039
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