Inhibitory mechanism of sinapinic acid against peroxynitrite-mediated tyrosine nitration of protein in vitro


AbstractThe peroxynitrite-scavenging ability of some phenolic antioxidants, p-coumaric acid, caffeic acid and sinapinic acid, was examined and compared with ascorbic acid and tocopherol using 3-nitrotyrosine formation as a marker. Among these, caffeic acid and sinapinic acid strongly inhibited the formation of 3-nitrotyrosine in protein. The treatment of protein with peroxynitrite in the presence of sinapinic acid, but not caffeic acid, produced a novel product determined by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The product formed was purified and then identified as a mono-lactone type dimer (ML) of sinapinic acid by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). This ML was converted from a di-lactone type dimer, obtained from sinapinic acid with peroxidase/hydrogen peroxide, in neutral buffer. In this report, we have proposed that the ML of sinapinic acid is generated via one-electron oxidation by peroxynitrite treatment

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This paper was published in Elsevier - Publisher Connector .

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