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SUVREMENA SOCIJALNO-REGULIRANA TRŽIŠNA PRIVREDA

By Yury Knyazev

Abstract

The paper presents the author’s views on the initial premises for a theoretical economic investigation. He proceeds from recognizing the human’s dual nature, in which two original thresholds couple: individualism and collectivism. The paper begins with a short survey of views exposed by several economists testifying the tendency to strengthen social aspects of the economy. With the above positions as fundament, the next part describes four ontological premises relevant for any economic theory: economic subjects, economic objects, relationships between agents and institutional conditions of their activity. Special attention is paid to the role of the state as most important social institution, whose functioning seriously impacts on markettype economy. The concluding part of the paper addresses socially regulated market economy practiced in most developed and civilized countries.Autor izlaže svoj pogled na polazne premise za teorijska istraživanja suvremene privrede sa pozicija priznanja dvojne prirode čovjekove osobnosti, u kojoj koegzistiraju dva načela – individualizam i kolektivizam. Nakon kratkog pregleda stavova niza ekonomista koji uočavaju tendenciju jačanja socijalnih aspekata privrede, daje se sa ovih pozicija karakteristika četiriju ontoloških premisa ekonomske teorije – privrednih subjekata, ekonomskih objekata, odnosa između subjekata i institucionalnih uvjeta tih djelatnosti. Osobita pažnja poklanja se ulozi države kao najvažnijoj društvenoj instituciji čije funkcioniranje bitno utječe na karakter tržišne privrede. U završnom dijelu članka opisuju se značajke socijalno regulirane tržišne privrede u najrazvijenijim i civiliziranim zemljama

Topics: economic theory; ontological premises; individualism and collectivism; dual nature of economic subjects; mutual relationships between economic subjects; economic objects (goods); social institutions; the role of the state; socially regulated market economy, ekonomska teorija; ontološke premise; individualizam i kolektivizam; dvojna priroda subjekata; ekonomski objekti (dobra); društvene institucije; uloga države; socijalno regulirana tržišna privreda
Publisher: Hrvatsko društvo ekonomista, Zagreb
Year: 2014
OAI identifier: oai:hrcak.srce.hr:121455
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