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High Frequency of IL-4–Producing CD4+ Allergen-Specific T Lymphocytes in Atopic Dermatitis Lesional Skin

By Frans L van der Heijden, Eddy A Wierenga, Jan D Bos and Martien L Kapsenberg

Abstract

In atopic dermatitis (AD) hypersensitivity reactions to allergens are commonly observed and are assumed to make a major contribution in the pathomechanism of the disease. It may be expected that allergen-reactive Th cells play a central role in these reactions. In the present study the occurrence and function of allergen-specific T lymphocytes in dermal inflammatory lesions were studied. To this aim panels of randomly cloned CD4+ T cells from lesional skin biopsies of two housedust mite Dematophagoides pternoyssinus (Dp)-allergic AD patients were screened for reactivity with Dp allergens. The results were compared with similar rests for Dp reactivity of T-lymphocyte clones (TLC) from the peripheral blood of these patients. In the panels of TLC generated from lesional skin (S-TLC), a considerable number of TLC appeared to be Dp-specific, 47% (n = 17) and 10% (n = 29), respectively. In the panels from the peripheral blood, the percentages of Dp-specific TLC were only 0% (n = 22) and 3% (n = 34), suggesting accumulation or expansion of these T cells in lesional skin. The function of these TLC was studied by assaying the secretion of IL-4 and IFN-γ, which have been shown to be produced in aberrant ratios by Dp-specific TLC from the peripheral blood of AD patients (Wierenga et al: J Immunol 144:4651, 1990). All Dp-specific TLC produced IL-4 in combination with no or low levels of IFN-γ, whereas many of the non — Dp-specific S-TLC and blood-derived TLC (B-TLC) were observed to produced high levels of IFN-γ without significant amounts of IL-4. A functional consequences of these cytokine profiles was demonstrated by the finding that TLC producing substantial amounts of IL-4 enhanced expression of the low-affinity Fc receptor for IgE (CD23) on antigen-presenting cells to a greater extent than did IFN-γ—producing TLC

Publisher: The Society for Investigative Dermatology, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Year: 1991
DOI identifier: 10.1111/1523-1747.ep12480966
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