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miRNA-141 is a novel regulator of BMP-2–mediated calcification in aortic stenosis

By Bobby Yanagawa, Fina Lovren, Yi Pan, Vinay Garg, Adrian Quan, Gilbert Tang, Krishna K. Singh, Praphulla C. Shukla, Nikhil P. Kalra, Mark D. Peterson and Subodh Verma

Abstract

ObjectiveBone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) is a major regulator of aortic valve calcification. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are essential post-transcriptional modulators of gene expression and miRNA-141 is a known repressor of BMP-2–mediated osteogenesis. We hypothesized that miRNA-141 is a key regulator of aortic valve calcification.MethodsPorcine valvular interstitial cells were isolated, transfected with miRNA-141 or control, and stimulated with transforming growth factor-β. The BMP-2, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, and runt-related transcription factor 2 levels were determined by immunoblotting and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. To determine the role of miRNA-141 in bicuspid aortic valve disease, human bicuspid (n = 19) and tricuspid (n = 17) aortic valve leaflets obtained intraoperatively were submitted for GenoExplorer human microRNA array, immunoblotting, and histologic and immunohistochemical analyses.ResultsStimulation of porcine aortic valvular interstitial cells with transforming growth factor-β induced morphologic alterations consistent with myofibroblastic transformation, BMP-2 signaling, and calcification. Transfection with miRNA-141 restored transforming growth factor-β–induced valvular interstitial cell activation, BMP-2 signaling, and alkaline phosphatase activity (3.55 ± 0.18 vs 4.01 ± 0.21, P < .05), suggesting upstream regulation by miRNA-141. miRNA microarray demonstrated differential expression of 35 of 1583 miRNA sequences in the bicuspid versus tricuspid aortic valve leaflets, with a 14.5-fold decrease in miRNA-141 in the bicuspid versus tricuspid leaflets (P < .05). This was associated with significantly increased BMP-2 protein expression in bicuspid aortic valve compared with the tricuspid aortic valve leaflets (P < .001).ConclusionsWe report a completely novel role of miRNA-141 as a regulator of BMP-2–dependent aortic valvular calcification and demonstrate marked attenuation of miRNA-141 expression in patients with bicuspid aortic valve-associated aortic stenosis. Therapeutic targeting of miRNA-141 could serve as a novel strategy to limit progressive calcification in aortic stenosis

Publisher: The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc.
Year: 2012
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2011.10.097
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