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RNT-1, the C. elegans homologue of mammalian RUNX transcription factors, regulates body size and male tail development

By Yon-Ju Ji, Seunghee Nam, Yun-Hye Jin, Eun-Jung Cha, Kyeong-Sook Lee, Kyu-Yeong Choi, Hyun-Ok Song, Junho Lee, Suk-Chul Bae and Joohong Ahnn

Abstract

AbstractThe rnt-1 gene is the only Caenorhabditis elegans homologue of the mammalian RUNX genes. Several lines of molecular biological evidence have demonstrated that the RUNX proteins interact and cooperate with Smads, which are transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signal mediators. However, the involvement of RUNX in TGF-β signaling has not yet been supported by any genetic evidence. The Sma/Mab TGF-β signaling pathway in C. elegans is known to regulate body length and male tail development. The rnt-1(ok351) mutants show the characteristic phenotypes observed in mutants of the Sma/Mab pathway, namely, they have a small body size and ray defects. Moreover, RNT-1 can physically interact with SMA-4 which is one of the Smads in C. elegans, and double mutant animals containing both the rnt-1(ok351) mutation and a mutation in a known Sma/Mab pathway gene displayed synergism in the aberrant phenotypes. In addition, lon-1(e185) mutants was epistatic to rnt-1(ok351) mutants in terms of long phenotype, suggesting that lon-1 is indeed downstream target of rnt-1. Our data reveal that RNT-1 functionally cooperates with the SMA-4 proteins to regulate body size and male tail development in C. elegans

Publisher: Elsevier Inc.
Year: 2004
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2004.07.029
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