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Hedgehog-Interacting Protein (HIP) Regulates Apoptosis Evasion and Angiogenic Function of Late Endothelial Progenitor Cells

By Bom Nae Rin Lee, Yeon Sung Son, Dabin Lee, Young-Jin Choi, Sang-Mo Kwon, Hyun-Kyung Chang, Pyung-Hwan Kim and Je-Yoel Cho


Abstract Late endothelial progenitor cells (LEPCs) are derived from mononuclear cells (MNCs) and are thought to directly incorporate into blood vessels and differentiate into mature endothelial cells (ECs). Using transcriptome and proteome analysis, we identified distinctive LEPC profiles and found that Hedgehog-interacting protein (HIP) is strongly expressed in LEPCs. Inhibition of HIP by lentiviral knockdown activated canonical hedgehog signaling in LEPCs, while it activated non-canonical hedgehog signaling in ECs. In LEPCs, HIP knockdown induced much enhanced tube formation and resistance to apoptosis under oxidative stress conditions via canonical hedgehog signaling. Although HIP is strongly expressed in proliferating LEPCs, HIP expression is down-regulated during angiogenesis and under oxidative stress condition. Moreover, when LEPCs are treated with angiogenic triggers such as VEGF and FGF2, HIP expression is reduced. Our findings suggest that HIP blocks LEPC angiogenesis and regulate survival when there is no angiogenic stimulation. HIP inhibition in LEPCs enhanced tube formation and reduced apoptosis, resulting in improved angiogenesis

Topics: Medicine, R, Science, Q
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Year: 2017
DOI identifier: 10.1038/s41598-017-12571-5
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