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Fulminant amoebic colitis in the era of computed tomography scan: A case report and review of the literature

By Suman Mewa Kinoo, Vikesh V. Ramkelawon, Jaynund Maharajh and Bugwan Singh

Abstract

Amoebic colitis, caused by ingestion of water or food contaminated with the protozoan Entamoeba histolytica, can progress to a fulminant colitis. Computed tomography (CT) findings reported in the literature on this type of colitis are sparse. We present a 59-year-old male patient with a one-week history of progressive abdominal pain, abdominal distension and associated watery and bloody diarrhoea. A CT scan revealed deep ulcerations with submucosal and intramural tracking of contrast. Colonoscopy and biopsy confirmed a diagnosis of Amoebic colitis. The patient required a laparotomy and demised. Deep ulcerations with submucosal and intramural tracking of contrast on CT are diagnostic of fulminant amoebic colitis. Although not demonstrated at CT in this case, discontinuous bowel necrosis, omental wrapping (seen at laparotomy in our case) and neovascularisation of the bowel wall may be other features to look out for

Topics: amoebic colitis, computed tomographyp, fulminant amoebic colitis, Medical physics. Medical radiology. Nuclear medicine, R895-920
Publisher: AOSIS
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.4102/sajr.v22i1.1354
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:41214a09d55b4c298a5600303f4e0176
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