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Immune activation and regulatory T cells in Mycobacterium tuberculosis infected lymph nodes

By Karima Sahmoudi, Hassan Abbassi, Nada Bouklata, Mohamed Nouredine El Alami, Abderrahmane Sadak, Christopher Burant, W. Henry Boom, Rajae El Aouad, David H. Canaday and Fouad Seghrouchni

Abstract

Abstract Background Lymph node tuberculosis (LNTB) is the most frequent extrapulmonary form of tuberculosis (TB). Studies of human tuberculosis at sites of disease are limited. LNTB provides a unique opportunity to compare local in situ and peripheral blood immune response in active Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) disease. The present study analysed T regulatory cells (Treg) frequency and activation along with CD4+ T cell function in lymph nodes from LNTB patients. Results Lymph node mononuclear cells (LNMC) were compared to autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). LNMC were enriched for CD4+ T cells with a late differentiated effector memory phenotype. No differences were noted in the frequency and mutifunctional profile of memory CD4+ T cells specific for Mtb. The proportion of activated CD4+ and Tregs in LNMC was increased compared to PBMC. The correlation between Tregs and activated CD4+ T cells was stronger in LNMC than PBMC. Tregs in LNMC showed a strong positive correlation with Th1 cytokine production (IL2, IFNγ and TNFα) as well as MIP-1α after Mtb antigen stimulation. A subset of Tregs in LNMC co-expressed HLA-DR and CD38, markers of activation. Conclusion Further research will determine the functional relationship between Treg and activated CD4+ T cells at lymph node sites of Mtb infection

Topics: Tuberculosis, Lymphadenitis, Lymph node, Treg cells, conventional T cell, activation, Immunologic diseases. Allergy, RC581-607
Publisher: BMC
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.1186/s12865-018-0266-8
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:0c9601eef7754e95b44728b5e7d83aa3
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