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Pathophysiological and molecular mechanisms involved in renal congestion in a novel rat model

By Satoshi Shimada, Takuo Hirose, Chika Takahashi, Emiko Sato, Satoshi Kinugasa, Yusuke Ohsaki, Kiyomi Kisu, Hiroshi Sato, Sadayoshi Ito and Takefumi Mori

Abstract

Abstract Increased central venous pressure in congestive heart failure causes renal dysfunction; however, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. We created a rat renal congestion model and investigated the effect of renal congestion on hemodynamics and molecular mechanisms. The inferior vena cava (IVC) between the renal veins was ligated by suture in male Sprague-Dawley rats to increase upstream IVC pressure and induce congestion in the left kidney only. Left kidney congestion reduced renal blood flow, glomerular filtration rate, and increased renal interstitial hydrostatic pressure. Tubulointerstitial and glomerular injury and medullary thick ascending limb hypoxia were observed only in the congestive kidneys. Molecules related to extracellular matrix expansion, tubular injury, and focal adhesion were upregulated in microarray analysis. Renal decapsulation ameliorated the tubulointerstitial injury. Electron microscopy captured pericyte detachment in the congestive kidneys. Transgelin and platelet-derived growth factor receptors, as indicators of pericyte-myofibroblast transition, were upregulated in the pericytes and the adjacent interstitium. With the compression of the peritubular capillaries and tubules, hypoxia and physical stress induce pericyte detachment, which could result in extracellular matrix expansion and tubular injury in renal congestion

Topics: Medicine, R, Science, Q
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.1038/s41598-018-35162-4
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:24263ebefde04544b5f7e5686f3d76c3
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