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EEG Waveform Analysis of P300 ERP with Applications to Brain Computer Interfaces

By Rodrigo Ramele, Ana Julia Villar and Juan Miguel Santos

Abstract

The Electroencephalography (EEG) is not just a mere clinical tool anymore. It has become the de-facto mobile, portable, non-invasive brain imaging sensor to harness brain information in real time. It is now being used to translate or decode brain signals, to diagnose diseases or to implement Brain Computer Interface (BCI) devices. The automatic decoding is mainly implemented by using quantitative algorithms to detect the cloaked information buried in the signal. However, clinical EEG is based intensively on waveforms and the structure of signal plots. Hence, the purpose of this work is to establish a bridge to fill this gap by reviewing and describing the procedures that have been used to detect patterns in the electroencephalographic waveforms, benchmarking them on a controlled pseudo-real dataset of a P300-Based BCI Speller and verifying their performance on a public dataset of a BCI Competition

Topics: electroencephalography, brain-computer interfaces, waveform, p300, SIFT, PE, MP, SHCC, Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry, RC321-571
Publisher: MDPI AG
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.3390/brainsci8110199
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:57807924b69e4ffca6332ab6008e288e
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