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Exact explosive synchronization transitions in Kuramoto oscillators with time-delayed coupling

By Hui Wu, Ling Kang, Zonghua Liu and Mukesh Dhamala


Abstract Synchronization commonly occurs in many natural and man-made systems, from neurons in the brain to cardiac cells to power grids to Josephson junction arrays. Transitions to or out of synchrony for coupled oscillators depend on several factors, such as individual frequencies, coupling, interaction time delays and network structure-function relation. Here, using a generalized Kuramoto model of time-delay coupled phase oscillators with frequency-weighted coupling, we study the stability of incoherent and coherent states and the transitions to or out of explosive (abrupt, first-order like) phase synchronization. We analytically derive the exact formulas for the critical coupling strengths at different time delays in both directions of increasing (forward) and decreasing (backward) coupling strengths. We find that time-delay does not affect the transition for the backward direction but can shift the transition for the forward direction of increasing coupling strength. These results provide valuable insights into our understanding of dynamical mechanisms for explosive synchronization in presence of often unavoidable time delays present in many physical and biological systems

Topics: Medicine, R, Science, Q
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.1038/s41598-018-33845-6
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