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Analysis of Storage Protein Distribution in Rice Grain of Seed-Protein Mutant Cultivars by Immunofluorescence Microscopy

By Youichi Ohdaira, Takehiro Masumura, Nobuaki Nakatsuka, Takanari Shigemitsu, Yuhi Saito and Ryouji Sasaki

Abstract

Localization of storage proteins in rice grains of seed-protein mutant cultivars, low-glutelin cultivars LGC-1, LGCsoft and a 26-kDa-globulin-deficient low-glutelin cultivar LGC-Katsu, was examined by immunofluorescence microscopy using fluorescence-labeled antibodies of 13 kDa prolamin and 23 kDa glutelin. Abundant 13 kDa prolamin and 23 kDa glutelin was observed in the outer regions of rice grains. Image analysis revealed that peaks of fluorescence intensity of both proteins were located at 2–7% of the width or longitudinal length of brown rice distant from the outer surface of brown rice (RDOS) on the dorsal, ventral, and apical sides of brown rice. In these seed-protein mutant cultivars and a normal-type cultivar Nihonmasari, the foot of the distribution peaks of both proteins were located at 20–30% RDOS on the ventral and apical side. In contrast, on the dorsal side of rice grain, varietal differences of RDOS at the foot of the distribution peak of both proteins varied with the cultivar. The RDOS was 20 –40%; and Nihonmasari >LGC-1≒LGCsoft >LGC-Katsu. Although the quantity of 13 kDa prolamin and 23 kDa glutelin greatly varied with the cultivar in the outer region of rice grain, both proteins were distributed uniformly at low levels in the inner region in all cultivars. Furthermore, SDS-PAGE analysis showed that a larger quantity of 13 kDa prolamin localized on the ventral than the dorsal side of rice grains in seed-protein mutant cultivars, especially in LGC-Katsu

Topics: Distribution of protein, Glutelin, Immunofl uorescence microscopy, Oryza sativa L., Prolamin, Rice grain, Seed-protein mutant cultiva, Plant culture, SB1-1110
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1626/pps.14.219
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:4005162e58124f638bc7a12af6a90abe
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