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The Study of job conflicts among females organization stuff(The case of selected educational formations in Hamedan)

By Asadolah Naghdi and Khatereh Tourkman


Introduction In modern society's organizations is one the mean development tools. Human resources are basic to access on high function in bureaucracy systems. Nowadays, women's participation in social activities as part of their social rights, but cultural and social barriers there are many in this way. Many researchers believe that stuff is one of the main sources of manpower and stimulating development. So if the use of human resources opportunities, has developed one of the parameters necessary for the realization of this important provision of equitable participation of all segments of society, including women. Social participation of women in various fields in Iran has been increasing over recent decades. One of the most important areas of economic and social transformation, presence and participation of women in organizations and government organizations but at The same with this increasing we are seeing some limitations and conflicts for women as job and role conflict's. Then Iranian society generally and on a smaller scale in the province, while the phenomenon of female participation is considered an opportunity for women. On the one hand, traditional community structures (Hamadan) in the social participation of women  of women alongside men in the public are  looks with suspicion and even  sometimes do resistance act against it. On the other hand there are many challenges within organizations. If we accept that socio-cultural structure of cities such as Hamadan  have  a high potential of  against the new changes, still somewhat cautious, it is natural that the corporate culture of the environment in terms of  Hofstede and Edgar Schein are affected. For example, high and middle level managerial positions in organizations typically "male-dominated" are defined. Product of the interaction of social, emotional or sexual discrimination experienced by women within the organization. One of the components of organizational culture view of the status of women in the administrative structure.     Martials and methods Here we used survey as research method by using a questionnaire was developed by researchers. total number of the female stuff as population who worked in governmental administrative in Hamadan, were about 4,500 people .base on Morgan statistics sampling, sample size selected 350 women those who working in the three selected organizations (Bu-Ali Sina University , Department of education and the University of Hamedan medical Sciences) then to find questionnaire validate and reliability researchers done a pretests among 30 responds. After analyzing of pretest data's  Cronbach's alpha for the whole questionnaire  obtain / 72 respectively.   Discussion of results and conclusions: based on Iranian culture and expectations from women as mother and wife the those females that decided to option employment accrue with many challenges in organization and at the same time in their families. The findings showed that there is a significant difference between conflict of job and family problems among different socio-economic situation peoples. Women in high cultural capital households  faced low difficulties in compare with low conditions. As well as gender stereotypes, cultural capital, having children, marital status, social support and family problems with the conflict there is a significant relationship. people in the family after the conflict goes without saying that one of the important factors that affect the family. Individual factors - such as multiple family roles and the stress of having a child, unfavorable physical characteristics, low achievement motivation, fear of failure, adverse parental occupation and education status of job conflicts affect women. significantly indicates the importance of family problems job working women in conflict.  All this is due to gender patterns .base on  social learning and cognitive  theory both observational learning as one of the most important factors of gender patterns are emphasized. According to this theory, children appropriate behavior in situations mimic the same sex. Different characteristics in each community based on the gender of the people expected them to be, the product of sexual socialization process that is based on it ((the men for masculinity and femininity of women)) in accordance with the definitions contained in any social community are. There is no doubt that children and adults about the stance defined by culture where women and men share what it means. Gender stereotypes in the broader culture and in social interactions are mastered and the beginning of life, children are bombarded with gender stereotypes

Topics: Conflict, Cultural Capital, gender stereotypes. Hamedan, Social Sciences, H, Sociology (General), HM401-1281
Publisher: University of Isfahan
Year: 2017
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