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What range of extra-cardiac conduit flow velocity is detectable intraoperatively following the completion of a total cavo-pulmonary connection?

By Satoshi Kurokawa, Kenji Doi, Shihoko Iwata, Keita Sato, Yusuke Seino, Minoru Nomura and Makoto Ozaki


Abstract Background Very few studies have investigated the blood flow velocity from the inferior vena cava (IVC) to the pulmonary artery following the Fontan operation using an extra-cardiac conduit (ECC). No studies at all have investigated the velocity immediately after the circulation is established. The purpose of this retrospective study was to find an acceptable flow velocity at the ECC following the completion of a total cavo-pulmonary connection (TCPC) via transesophageal echocardiography. Findings We measured the mean velocity (m-V) of the blood flow proximal to the anastomosis between the IVC and ECC in eight patients and compared the results with theoretically predicted values based on assumptions regarding the cardiac output, the ratio of the IVC flow to the superior vena cava flow, and the cross-sectional form of the ECC. Mean velocities ranging from about 15 to 60 cm/s were detected in the absence of any observable stenosis. The measured m-V was significantly faster than the predicted value in our study, both collectively and in every patient individually. The shrinking and compression of the ECC might account for the faster velocities measured in our cases. Conclusion The observed range of m-V at the ECC, about 15-60cm/s, may be acceptable for the establishment of TCPC circulation

Topics: Total cavo-pulmonary connection (TCPC), Extra-cardiac conduit (ECC), ECC flow velocity, Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), Anesthesiology, RD78.3-87.3, Medical emergencies. Critical care. Intensive care. First aid, RC86-88.9
Publisher: SpringerOpen
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1186/s40981-016-0054-5
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