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Tendon Remodeling in Response to Resistance Training, Anabolic Androgenic Steroids and Aging

By Vinicius Guzzoni, Heloisa Sobreiro Selistre-de-Araújo and Rita de Cássia Marqueti

Abstract

Exercise training (ET), anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS), and aging are potential factors that affect tendon homeostasis, particularly extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling. The goal of this review is to aggregate findings regarding the effects of resistance training (RT), AAS, and aging on tendon homeostasis. Data were gathered from our studies regarding the impact of RT, AAS, and aging on the calcaneal tendon (CT) of rats. We demonstrated a series of detrimental effects of AAS and aging on functional and biomechanical parameters, including the volume density of blood vessel cells, adipose tissue cells, tendon calcification, collagen content, the regulation of the major proteins related to the metabolic/development processes of tendons, and ECM remodeling. Conversely, RT seems to mitigate age-related tendon dysfunction. Our results suggest that AAS combined with high-intensity RT exert harmful effects on ECM remodeling, and also instigate molecular and biomechanical adaptations in the CT. Moreover, we provide further information regarding the harmful effects of AAS on tendons at a transcriptional level, and demonstrate the beneficial effects of RT against the age-induced tendon adaptations of rats. Our studies might contribute in terms of clinical approaches in favor of the benefits of ET against tendinopathy conditions, and provide a warning on the harmful effects of the misuse of AAS on tendon development

Topics: tendon, resistance training, anabolic androgenic steroids, aging, extracellular matrix, Biology (General), QH301-705.5
Publisher: MDPI AG
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.3390/cells7120251
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:6b43a0de70ec4a06bb5726cf131dae20
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