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Long-term feeding of high-fat plus high-fructose diet induces isolated impaired glucose tolerance and skeletal muscle insulin resistance in miniature pigs

By Meng-Chieh Hsu, Mu-En Wang, Yi-Fan Jiang, Hung-Chang Liu, Yi-Chen Chen and Chih-Hsien Chiu

Abstract

Abstract Background During the prediabetic development, the changes in β-cell function and tissue-specific insulin resistance have been described. However, there are conflicting views in insulin secretory capacity between early clinical observation and recent proposed mathematical model. On the basis of digestive and metabolic similarities with humans, swine have great potential as an animal model to investigate the progressive mechanisms of prediabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate the insulin secretory response and tissue-specific insulin resistance in a dietary-induced prediabetic porcine model. Methods Adult male Taiwan Lee-Sung miniature pigs were randomized into two groups: (1) low-fat diet and (2) high-fat plus high-fructose diet (HFHF; 20.9% crude fat and 17.8% fructose). During the 12-month dietary intervention, body weights and blood glucose levels were measured monthly. Intravenous glucose tolerance test was used for measuring glucose tolerance and insulin secretory capacity. At the end of the experiment, liver and soleus muscle specimens were collected for ex vivo insulin sensitivity testing. Results The results showed that the HFHF group had obesity, hyperinsulinemia, and dyslipidemia, but normal fasting glucose levels. The HFHF pigs exhibited enhanced first- and second-phase insulin secretion and high 2-h postload glucose levels in intravenous glucose tolerance test. Furthermore, the skeletal muscle specimens from the HFHF group were desensitized to insulin stimulation as shown by the lack of AKT Ser473 phosphorylation; however, the liver specimens remained a normal response. Conclusions In conclusion, the HFHF diet-fed pigs developed isolated impaired glucose tolerance corresponding to prediabetes with an intense insulin secretory response and skeletal muscle insulin resistance

Topics: Insulin resistance, Miniature pig, High fat high fructose diet, IVGTT, Impaired glucose tolerance, Nutritional diseases. Deficiency diseases, RC620-627
Publisher: BMC
Year: 2017
DOI identifier: 10.1186/s13098-017-0281-6
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:98183ab673cc4ea6a23a049bbf5fda1e
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