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The Role of Micronutrients in Graft-VS.-Host Disease: Immunomodulatory Effects of Vitamins A and D

By Xiao Chen and Christopher G. Mayne

Abstract

Graft-vs.-host disease (GVHD) remains a major obstacle to the success of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). GVHD occurs because donor T cells in the allograft recognize the genetically disparate host as foreign and attack the transplant recipient's tissues. While genetic incompatibility between donor and recipient is the primary determinant for the extent of alloimmune response, GVHD incidence and severity are also influenced by non-genetic factors. Recent advances in immunology establish that environmental factors, including dietary micronutrients, contribute significantly to modulating various immune responses and may influence the susceptibility to autoimmune and inflammatory diseases of experimental animals and humans. Emerging clinical and preclinical evidence indicates that certain micronutrients may participate in regulating GVHD risk after allogeneic HSCT. In this review, we summarize recent advances in our understanding with respect to the potential role of micronutrients in the pathogenesis of acute and chronic GVHD, focusing on vitamins A and D

Topics: vitamin A, vitamin D, retinoic acid, vitamin D receptor, graft-vs.-host disease, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, Immunologic diseases. Allergy, RC581-607
Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.3389/fimmu.2018.02853/full
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:e496dc8a903045178ad5d91e8414510d
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