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Influence of Ni–Al coating thickness on spectral selectivity and thermal performance of parabolic trough collector

By Tawat Suriwong, Chanon Bunmephiphit, Warisa Wamae and Sathit Banthuek

Abstract

Abstract This study investigates the influence of Ni–Al coating thickness on the spectral selectivity and thermal performance of a parabolic trough collector (PTC). Three thicknesses of Ni–Al coating for use as solar absorber material were successfully prepared on the outer surface of a stainless steel 316L (SS) tube by flame spray. The phase, morphology, and reflectance (R) of the Ni–Al coatings were characterized using several techniques. The PTC and solar receiver tube were specially designed and constructed for observing the collector thermal performance by following ASHRAE 93-1986. Looking at the results, the actual average thicknesses of the three Ni–Al coatings turn out to be 195, 215, and 299 μm. The morphology and chemical composition of all three thicknesses are similar. The chemical composition in the cross-sectional view exhibits non-uniform distribution. The three thicknesses of the coating are composed of NiO and Al2O3 phases, which also corresponded to the results of SEM–EDX mapping. The differences in a solar absorptance (α) of the three thicknesses of Ni–Al coating are not statistically significant, with an average α value of 0.74–0.75. However, there are differences in thermal efficiency of the PTC depending on the thickness of the Ni–Al coating. Of the three samples, the thickest one (299 µm) demonstrates the highest ability to convert solar radiation into thermal energy

Topics: Ni–Al, Solar absorber, Solar absorptance, Thermal performance, Parabolic trough collector (PTC), Energy conservation, TJ163.26-163.5, Renewable energy sources, TJ807-830
Publisher: SpringerOpen
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.1007/s40243-018-0121-0
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:4dd858476497414bb566bd2b685ad74a
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