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Therapeutic effects of 3% diquafosol ophthalmic solution in patients with short tear film break-up time-type dry eye disease

By Yongseok Mun, Ji-Won Kwon and Joo Youn Oh

Abstract

Abstract Background To investigate therapeutic effects of topical diquafosol tetrasodium 3% ophthalmic solution in patients with short tear film break-up time (TFBUT)-type dry eye (DE). Methods The prospective study was performed in 70 eyes of 70 patients with short TFBUT-type DE. Diagnosis of short TFBUT-type DE was made based on the presence of DE symptoms, TFBUT value ≤5 s, corneoconjunctival staining score ≤ 2 (on a scale of 0 to 4), and Schirmer I value > 5 mm. Patients with systemic immunologic disorders or ocular graft-versus-host disease were excluded. Before and after instillation of 3% diquafosol ophthalmic solution six times per day for 4 weeks, subjective DE symptoms, TFBUT, corneoconjunctival staining score, and Schirmer I value were examined and compared. Also, demographic factors were compared between patients who showed improvement in each DE parameter by treatment and those who did not. Results Four-week treatment with 3% diquafosol ophthalmic solution significantly improved DE symptoms (p < 0.0001), increased TFBUT (p < 0.0001), and reduced corneoconjunctival staining scores (p < 0.0001). Schirmer I values were not changed by treatment. The age of patients who showed improvement in subjective DE symptoms after treatment was significantly lower than that of patients who did not (53.4 ± 27.5 vs. 63.3 ± 13.9 years, p = 0.012). Ocular side effects developed in 3 patients (4.3%), including conjunctival chemosis (n = 1) and persistent stinging sensation (n = 2). Conclusions Diquafosol tetrasodium 3% ophthalmic solution is effective in improving subjective symptoms and tear film stability in short TFBUT-type DE patients. Trial registration The study was retrospectively registered on Clinical Research Information Service (CRiS), Republic of Korea. Trial registration number: KCT0003134. Date of registration: 2018-08-15

Topics: Diquafosol tetrasodium 3%, Dry eye disease, Short tear film break-up time-type dry eye, Ophthalmology, RE1-994
Publisher: BMC
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.1186/s12886-018-0910-3
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:61246be1c13049cd804b25277800053f
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