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Structural insight into the inactivation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis non-classical transpeptidase LdtMt2 by biapenem and tebipenem

By Mario A. Bianchet, Ying H. Pan, Leighanne A. Brammer Basta, Harry Saavedra, Evan P. Lloyd, Pankaj Kumar, Rohini Mattoo, Craig A. Townsend and Gyanu Lamichhane

Abstract

Abstract Background The carbapenem subclass of β-lactams is among the most potent antibiotics available today. Emerging evidence shows that, unlike other subclasses of β-lactams, carbapenems bind to and inhibit non-classical transpeptidases (L,D-transpeptidases) that generate 3 → 3 linkages in bacterial peptidoglycan. The carbapenems biapenem and tebipenem exhibit therapeutically valuable potencies against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). Results Here, we report the X-ray crystal structures of Mtb L,D-transpeptidase-2 (LdtMt2) complexed with biapenem or tebipenem. Despite significant variations in carbapenem sulfur side chains, biapenem and tebipenem ultimately form an identical adduct that docks to the outer cavity of LdtMt2. We propose that this common adduct is an enzyme catalyzed decomposition of the carbapenem adduct by a mechanism similar to S-conjugate elimination by β-lyases. Conclusion The results presented here demonstrate biapenem and tebipenem bind to the outer cavity of LdtMt2, covalently inactivate the enzyme, and subsequently degrade via an S-conjugate elimination mechanism. We discuss structure based drug design based on the findings and propose that the S-conjugate elimination can be leveraged to design novel agents to deliver and locally release antimicrobial factors to act synergistically with the carbapenem carrier

Topics: Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Carbapenem, L,D-transpeptidase, Enzyme inactivation, Peptidoglycan, Biapenem, Animal biochemistry, QP501-801, Biochemistry, QD415-436
Publisher: BMC
Year: 2017
DOI identifier: 10.1186/s12858-017-0082-4
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:48ca6c3638fe4262be44bd693a49cd0f
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