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Multicolor imaging in choroidal osteomas

By Ramesh Venkatesh, Bharathi Bavaharan, Naresh Kumar Yadav, Kumar Saurabh, Priya Srinivasan, Padmalini Mahendradas, Vishma Prabhu and Rupak Roy

Abstract

Abstract Background To describe the multicolour (MC) imaging characteristics associated with choroidal osteomas (CO) and their secondary complications. Methods Retrospective descriptive case series of eleven eyes of ten patients with CO. Findings of multicolour imaging were correlated with visual acuity, clinical features, lesion characteristics and findings from other imaging modalities. Results Infrared reflectance (IR) images showed calcified CO lesions as hyporeflectance (dark) areas while decalcified lesions were seen as iso reflectance (normal) areas. Overlying RPE atrophy on IR were seen as white areas. MC images showed color variations depending upon the reflectivity of the tumour material tumour and retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) atrophy. Green color was noted in calcified CO tumour while decalcified CO tumour showed no color change. RPE atrophy were seen as bright orange areas. Green and blue reflectance images were not able to pick the choroidal osteoma lesion. Other changes secondary to CO like presence of choroidal neovascular membrane, hemorrhage and/or fluid in the retinal layers were identified on green and blue reflectance images. Conclusion MC imaging is a useful tool in our arsenal of existing imaging modalities in the assessment of CO and its secondary changes. Change in reflectance of the IR and MC images can be used as an indicator to assess the extent of tumour decalcification and its secondary changes and therefore, can aid in prognostication in the same. It has the potential to replace color fundus photography in documentation and follow up of patients with CO

Topics: Choroidal osteoma, Multicolour, Imaging, Optical coherence tomography, Fundus autofluoroscence, Ophthalmology, RE1-994
Publisher: BMC
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.1186/s40942-018-0150-y
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:f5f93bc16390410aa241402bfa584b4f
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