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Novel KDM6A splice-site mutation in kabuki syndrome with congenital hydrocephalus: a case report

By Zhimei Guo, Fang Liu and Hai Jun Li

Abstract

Abstract Background Kabuki syndrome (KS) is a rare congenital anomaly syndrome affecting multiple organs. Two genes have been shown to be mutated in patients with KS: lysine (K)-specific demethylase 6A (KDM6A) and lysine (K)-specific methyltransferase 2D (KMT2D, formerly MLL2). Although the congenital clinical characteristic is helpful in diagnosis of the KS, there are no reports of specific findings in fetuses that might suggest the syndrome prenatally. Case presentation In this study, we described a male patient with a novel KDM6A splicing in exon(exon4) and flanking intron(intron3)-exon boundaries characterized by congenital hydrocephalus which had never been reported before. The male patient had inherited the c.335-1G > T splice site mutation from his mother who had fewer dysmorphic features than the patient who displayed a more severe phenotype with multiple organ involvement. Our research suggests that congenital hydrocephalus may accompany KS type 2, which improve the knowledge on KS further more. Conclusions Based on genetic and clinical features, suggest that the c.335-1G > T splicing mutation in KDM6A causing KS-2 disease. At least for this case, we suggest that congenital hydrocephalus is closely associated with KS type 2

Topics: Kabuki syndrome, KDM6A, Congenital hydrocephalus; splice-site mutation, Internal medicine, RC31-1245, Genetics, QH426-470
Publisher: BMC
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.1186/s12881-018-0724-4
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:246c3182da3c4e28b43dbd9f47e9c382
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