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Mixed Topology of DF Relayed Terrestrial Optical Wireless Links with Generalized Pointing Errors over Turbulence Channels

By George K. Varotsos, Hector E. Nistazakis, Argyris N. Stassinakis, Christos K. Volos, Vasileios Christofilakis and George S. Tombras


This study investigated the outage performance of a terrestrial FSO communication system that uses mixed series and parallel decode-and-forward (DF) relay-assisted (i.e., cooperative diversity) configurations, taking into account the influence of both atmospheric turbulence and pointing error effects. Turbulence-induced optical signal fading is modeled by gamma-gamma or the negative exponential distribution for weak to strong and saturated turbulence conditions, respectively. Additionally, weak to strong non-zero boresight misalignment-induced optical signal fading is modeled by the generalized Beckmann distribution. Under these conditions, an outage analysis of the examined FSO system is performed, in terms of both outage probability and mean outage duration metrics. Thus, fairly accurate closed-form mathematical expressions for both performance metrics are derived, while their corresponding analytical results demonstrate concrete performance and availability improvements for the total FSO system, especially when the number of the connected in parallel DF relays increases. Moreover, the obtained results are verified through the corresponding simulation results

Topics: free space optical communication systems, mixed series and parallel DF relay-assisted configurations, nonzero boresight misalignment-induced fading, turbulence-induced fading, gamma-gamma distribution, negative exponential distribution, Beckmann distribution, outage probability, mean outage duration, Technology, T
Publisher: MDPI AG
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.3390/technologies6040121
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