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Factors associated with renal Doppler resistive index in critically ill patients: a prospective cohort study

By Raphael A. G. Oliveira, Pedro V. Mendes, Marcelo Park and Leandro U. Taniguchi


Abstract Background The renal Doppler resistive index (renal RI) is a noninvasive tool that has been used to assess renal perfusion in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting. However, many parameters have been described as influential on the values of renal RI. Therefore, we proposed this study to evaluate the variables that could impact renal RI in critically ill patients. Methods A prospective observational study was performed in a 14-bed medical–surgical adult ICU. All consecutive patients admitted to the ICU during the study period were evaluated for eligibility. Renal RI was performed daily until the third day after ICU admission, death, or renal replacement therapy (RRT) requirement. Clinical and blood test data were collected throughout this period. Acute kidney injury (AKI) reversibility was categorized as transient (normalization of renal function within 3 days of AKI onset) or persistent (non-resolution of AKI within 3 days of onset or need for RRT). A linear mixed model was applied to evaluate the factors that could influence renal RI. Results Eighty-three consecutive patients were included. Of these, 65% were male and 50.6% were medical admissions. Mean SAPS 3 was 47 ± 16. Renal RI was significantly different between no-AKI (0.64 ± 0.06), transient AKI (0.64 ± 0.07), and persistent AKI groups (0.70 ± 0.08, p < 0.01). Variables associated with renal RI variations were mean arterial pressure, lactate, age, and persistent AKI (p < 0.05). No association between serum chloride and renal RI was observed (p = 0.868). Conclusions Mean arterial pressure, lactate, age, and type of AKI might influence renal RI in critically ill patients

Topics: Acute kidney injury, Renal resistive index, Intensive care unit, Chloride, Critical care, Doppler ultrasonography, Medical emergencies. Critical care. Intensive care. First aid, RC86-88.9
Publisher: SpringerOpen
Year: 2019
DOI identifier: 10.1186/s13613-019-0500-4
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