Adult lung transplantation case-volume and in-hospital and long-term mortality in Korea


Abstract Background The inverse relationship between case-volume and surgical mortality has been reported in complex surgical procedures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of case-volume on mortality after lung transplantation in Korea. Methods The National Health Insurance Service data was used to analyse all adult lung transplantations in Korea between 2007 and 2016. Institutions were categorized into low-volume (< 5 lung transplantations/year) centers or high-volume (≥ 5 lung transplantations/year) centers. Risk-adjusted in-hospital mortality and long-term survival according to case-volume was evaluated. Results A total of 315 adult recipients underwent lung transplantation at 7 centers. The odds ratio for in-hospital mortality in low-volume centers was similar to high-volume centers (OR, 1.496; 95% CI, 0.81–2.76; p = 0.197). Log-rank analysis of Kaplan-Meier curves according to case-volume also did not show a difference in long-term survival between high- and low-volume centers (p = 0.052). Conclusions There was no association between case-volume and in-hospital mortality after lung transplantation in Korea, although there was a tendency towards better long-term survival associated with high-volume centers

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oai:doaj.org/article:795078db90c64e769a238014ccc7752aLast time updated on 6/4/2019

This paper was published in Directory of Open Access Journals.

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