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Medical care for children with cancer in the Central Federal District

By M. Yu. Rykov

Abstract

Relevance. Statistical indicators are the basis for planning of the organization of medical care for children with cancer, as well as analysis of the effectiveness of medical care. Materials and methods. The authors have analyzed operational reports for 2017 of the executive authorities in the field of health care of 18 objects of the Russian Federation being part of the Central Federal District. Results. There 9 pediatric oncology departments, there are 464 children’s oncological beds, the bed occupancy per yearis 319.3. There are 91 doctors providing medical care to children with cancer, 64 (70.3%) of the doctors have a certificate of pediatric oncologist. In 11 subjects there are no Departments for Pediatric Oncology. There are 821 primary patients with malignant neoplasms. There are 156 deceased patients, 66 of them were diagnosed in 2017. 52 (6.3%) patients are revealed actively. There were 12 (per 100 thousand for the age group of 0–17 years) cases of incidence of malignant neoplasms, mortality is 2.3 (per 100 thousand for the age group of 0–17 years), one-year mortality is 8%. The average time taken to diagnose and to verify the diagnosis before the beginning of treatment remains unknown. Conclusion. Operational reports contain non-matching indicators, thus, the information is not completely reliable. Incidence rates are significantly lower than those in countries with high reliability of statistical data. The percentage of patients identified actively remains extremely low. In order to eliminate the noted defects, it is necessary to introduce a single database of children with cancer in the Russian Federation.Conflict of interest: The author of this article confirmed the lack of conflict of interest and financial support, which should be reported

Topics: pediatric oncology, malignant neoplasms, statistical indicators, morbidity, mortality, one-year mortality, Pediatrics, RJ1-570
Publisher: Ltd. “The National Academy of Pediatric Science and Innovation”
Year: 2018
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:0e7d49447bda42878ddc8bfd820f0249
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