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Terre ancestrale ou parc national ? entre légitimité sociale et légalité à Madagascar

By Cécile Bidaud Rakotoarivony and Mialy Ratrimoarivony


In Madagascar, the Bemaraha program, within the ANGAP (National  Association for the Management of the Protected Areas) is sponsored by the European Union. Started in 1991, it aims at the development of this enclosed area of the middle west of Madagascar and the conservation of the National Park of Tsingy of Bemaraha. In contrast to the managers of the park, the indigenous residents see the forest as a spiritual and material resource. This article demonstrates the complexity of the relationship of indigenous people to the forest, and shows how this relationship is denied by the park management’s assumption that the present degradation of the natural resources of the forest is due to the practices of migrant and indigenous people. Divergent view among these agents leads to latent tensions. The thesis developed in this article focuses on the application of nature management plans. It shows the importance of taking into account the sacred nature of the place, an attitude which may allow on the one hand more respect for the people and their practices, and on the other a greater efficiency in the restrictions imposed on the park

Topics: conflicting views, development, forest, local people, Madagascar, national park, Environmental sciences, GE1-350
Publisher: Éditions en environnement VertigO
Year: 2006
DOI identifier: 10.4000/vertigo.2255
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