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Primary Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma in the Cerebellum: Case Report with Reference to Drastic Change in the WHO Classification

By Ibrahim Omerhodžić, Nurija Bilalović, Bekir Rovčanin, Bilal Imširović, Enra Suljić, Ante Rotim and Kenan Arnautović

Abstract

Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma is a rare vascular brain tumor. It develops from endothelial cells, usually in the liver, lung, bone and soft tissue. Primary localization of this tumor in the intracranial space is very uncommon; only 47 cases have been described in the literature. This tumor was initially classified as grade I (benign) in the World Health Organization (WHO) 2007 classification. In 2016, this tumor was re-classified as grade III (malignant). Herein, the first case report of epithelioid hemangioendothelioma in the cerebellum of a male patient is presented. Complete surgical excision was done. No adjuvant therapy was administered. Magnetic resonance imaging performed 2 years after the surgery continued to show no recurrence of the tumor. To our knowledge, this is the first report of cerebellar location of this rare tumor. In addition, the authors report drastic re-classification of the epithelioid hemangioendothelioma from the benign tumor (WHO 2007) to a malignant one (2016), which significantly changes postoperative management and follow up of this brain neoplasm

Topics: Hemangioendothelioma, epithelioid, Brain neoplasms, World Health Organization, Cerebellum, Medicine, R
Publisher: Sestre Milosrdnice University hospital, Institute of Clinical Medical Research
Year: 2018
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:62b34d1f4fea4aa7886b09605a365518
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