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Cost-effectiveness analysis of the diarrhea alleviation through zinc and oral rehydration therapy (DAZT) program in rural Gujarat India: an application of the net-benefit regression framework

By Samuel D. Shillcutt, Amnesty E. LeFevre, Christa L. Fischer-Walker, Sunita Taneja, Robert E. Black and Sarmila Mazumder


Abstract Background This study evaluates the cost-effectiveness of the DAZT program for scaling up treatment of acute child diarrhea in Gujarat India using a net-benefit regression framework. Methods Costs were calculated from societal and caregivers’ perspectives and effectiveness was assessed in terms of coverage of zinc and both zinc and Oral Rehydration Salt. Regression models were tested in simple linear regression, with a specified set of covariates, and with a specified set of covariates and interaction terms using linear regression with endogenous treatment effects was used as the reference case. Results The DAZT program was cost-effective with over 95% certainty above $5.50 and $7.50 per appropriately treated child in the unadjusted and adjusted models respectively, with specifications including interaction terms being cost-effective with 85–97% certainty. Discussion Findings from this study should be combined with other evidence when considering decisions to scale up programs such as the DAZT program to promote the use of ORS and zinc to treat child diarrhea

Topics: Diarrhea, Cost-effectiveness, Net-benefit regression, Zinc, Oral rehydration salts, India, Medicine (General), R5-920
Publisher: BMC
Year: 2017
DOI identifier: 10.1186/s12962-017-0070-y
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