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The Role of Electron Trajectories in XUV-Initiated High-Harmonic Generation

By Michael Krüger, Doron Azoury, Barry D. Bruner and Nirit Dudovich

Abstract

High-harmonic generation spectroscopy is a powerful tool for ultrafast spectroscopy with intrinsic attosecond time resolution. Its major limitation—the fact that a strong infrared driving pulse is governing the entire generation process—is lifted by extreme ultraviolet (XUV)-initiated high-harmonic generation (HHG). Tunneling ionization is replaced by XUV photoionization, which decouples ionization from recollision. Here we probe the intensity dependence of XUV-initiated HHG and observe strong spectral frequency shifts of the high harmonics. We are able to tune the shift by controlling the instantaneous intensity of the infrared field. We directly access the reciprocal intensity parameter associated with the electron trajectories and identify short and long trajectories. Our findings are supported and analyzed by ab initio calculations and a semiclassical trajectory model. The ability to isolate and control long trajectories in XUV-initiated HHG increases the range of the intrinsic attosecond clock for spectroscopic applications

Topics: attosecond physics, high-harmonic generation spectroscopy, nonlinear optics, Technology, T, Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General), TA1-2040, Biology (General), QH301-705.5, Physics, QC1-999, Chemistry, QD1-999
Publisher: MDPI AG
Year: 2019
DOI identifier: 10.3390/app9030378
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:19ed4bf3503d40f9a27c96f303bc97ce
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