Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Application of Nitrogen and Oxygen Isotopes for Source and Fate Identification of Nitrate Pollution in Surface Water: A Review

By Yan Zhang, Peng Shi, Jinxi Song and Qi Li


Nitrate pollution in surface water has become an environmental problem of global concern. The effective way for controlling the nitrate pollution of surface water is to identify the pollution source and reduce the input of nitrate. In recent decades, nitrogen (δ15N) and oxygen (δ18O) isotopes of nitrate has been used as an effective approach for identifying the source and fate of nitrate pollution in surface water. However, owing to the complexity of nitrate pollution source and the influence of isotopic fractionation, the application of this method has some limitations. In this work, we systematically discussed the fundamental principle of using nitrogen and oxygen isotopes to trace the nitrate source, the fate identification of nitrate, and the major testing techniques. Subsequently, the applications of nitrogen and oxygen isotopes for source identification of surface water were illustrated. However, there are still significant gaps in the application of the source identification and transformation mechanisms to nitrate and many research questions on these topics need to be addressed

Topics: nitrate pollution, surface water, source identification, isotope, contribution ratio, Technology, T, Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General), TA1-2040, Biology (General), QH301-705.5, Physics, QC1-999, Chemistry, QD1-999
Publisher: MDPI AG
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.3390/app9010018
OAI identifier:
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • (external link)
  • (external link)
  • (external link)
  • Suggested articles

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.