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Expression of the BCR-ABL1 Gene in Patients with Chronic Myeloproliferative Diseases with Signs of Progression

By LA Kesaeva, EN Misyurina, DS Mar’in, EI Zhelnova, AYu Bulanov, AE Misyurina, AA Krutov, IN Soldatova, SS Zborovskii, VA Misyurin, VV Tikhonova, YuP Finashutina, ON Solopova, NA Lyzhko, AE Bespalova, NN Kasatkina, AV Ponomarev, MA Lysenko and AV Misyurin


Background. The V617F mutation of JAK2 is known to manifest in Ph-negative chronic myeloproliferative diseases (cMPD), such as polycythemia vera, thrombocythemia, and myelofibrosis. These diseases not infrequently advance into more aggressive forms up to acute leukemia. As the progression mechanism is still unknown, its study retains a high priority. JAK2 carrying the V617F mutation is believed to cause constant activation of V(D)J recombinase in myeloid tumor cells in cMPD patients. Aberrant activation of V(D)J recombinase in tumor cells in cMPD patients can lead to t(9;22)(q34;q11) chromosomal rearrangement. Aim. To study the expression of BCR-ABL1 resulting from translocation t(9;22)(q34;q11) in cMPD patients at the progression stage in order to test the suggested hypothesis. Materials & Methods. The BCR–ABL1 expression was assessed in peripheral blood granulocytes in cMPD patients by real-time PCR. The JAK2 V617F mutation was identified by quantitative allele-specific PCR. The JAK2 exon 12 mutations were determined using Sanger direct sequencing of PCR products. Results. The BCR-ABL1 expression was discovered in 29 % of patients with cMPD progression. The BCR-ABL1 expression in these patients correlated with hepatosplenomegaly and hyperleukocytosis. Conclusion. In a significant proportion of cMPD patients the disease progression can be associated with activation of the BCR-ABL expression

Topics: JAK2 V617F, BCR-ABL1, V(D)J recombinase, t(9;22)(q34;q11), polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, myelofibrosis, chronic myeloid leukemia, Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology. Including cancer and carcinogens, RC254-282
Publisher: Practical Medicine Publishing House
Year: 2018
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