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Langerian mindfulness, quality of life and psychological symptoms in a sample of Italian students

By Francesco Pagnini, Katherine E. Bercovitz and Deborah Phillips


Abstract Background Noticing new things, accepting the continuously changing nature of circumstances, and flexibly shifting perspectives in concert with changing contexts constitute the essential features of Langerian mindfulness. This contrasts with a “mindless” approach in which one remains fixed in a singular mindset and is closed off to new possibilities. Despite potentially important clinical applications for this construct, few studies have explored them. The instrument developed to measure Langerian mindfulness is the Langer Mindfulness Scale (LMS), although this tool has been limited primarily to English-speaking populations. The study aimed to test LMS validity in the Italian language and to analyze the relationships between Langerian mindfulness and well-being. Methods We translated the LMS into Italian, analyzed its factor structure, and investigated the correlation between mindfulness and quality of life and psychological well-being in a sample of 248 Italian students (88.7% females, mean age 20.05). A confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the tri-dimensional structure of the English LMS in the Italian version. Results The primary analysis found a significant negative correlation between mindfulness and psychological symptoms including obsessive-compulsive tendencies, depression, anxiety, and paranoid ideation. There was also a positive correlation between mindfulness and reports of quality of life. Conclusions The Italian LMS appears reliable and it shows relevant correlations with well-being

Topics: Langerian mindfulness, Langer mindfulness scale, Quality of life, Depression, Anxiety, Computer applications to medicine. Medical informatics, R858-859.7
Publisher: BMC
Year: 2018
DOI identifier: 10.1186/s12955-018-0856-4
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