10.1371/journal.pone.0203285

Biosorption characteristics of a highly Mn(II)-resistant Ralstonia pickettii strain isolated from Mn ore.

Abstract

Microorganisms play an important role in immobilizing and detoxifying excessive Mn; however, there is so far a lack of sufficient information concerning highly Mn(II)-tolerant bacteria. The present study was conducted to analyze the bio-sorption characteristics of a strain (HM8) isolated from manganese ore wastes. Analytical data from the 16S rDNA sequence determination showed that the species, HM8, had a 99% similarity to Ralstonia pickettii. Results from the designed physiological, biochemical and isothermal adsorption tests indicated that HM8 did not only grow well at a Mn(II) concentration level of 10,000 mg/L but also removed 1,002.83 mg/L of Mn(II) from the bulk solution of the culture, showing that the isolated strain possessed strong capabilities to tolerate and remove Mn(II). In the isothermal bio-sorption experiments performed to investigate the effects of relevant factors on Mn(II) sorption, the highest Mn(II) removal rate was obtained at the contact time 72 h, temperature 40°C, and pH 6.0, while the differences in both strain growth and Mn(II) removal rate between different inoculated HM8 doses were found to be insignificant within the tested range. Scanning electron microscopy showed that, under Mn(II) stress, HM8 cells appeared irregular and cracked, with apparent wrinkles on the surface. The peaks in the Fourier transform infrared spectra showed that hydroxyl and carboxyl groups were the main functional groups for Mn(II) adsorption. The experimental data supported the practical application of HM8 as a biological adsorbent for remediation of heavily Mn contaminated sites

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oai:doaj.org/article:8c406069001a494daeb855be29e53bf3Last time updated on 6/4/2019

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