Le diable est-il dans le local, le global ou le mondial ?
Ethnology and Social Anthropology have been since their inception as western social field sciences, a little more than a century ago, disciplines that tackle both local and global phenomena. After reviewing too briefly the various theoretical and methodological traditions that have made up its histories the author examines two specific questions: -the decisive input of the subdiscipline of anthropology of development which analyses the makings of the empirical and organizational chain that link the most remote local field to the most central and dominant actors and institutions of the global world. He examines in particular two example, the spheres of labour on the one hand and global governance on the other. Lastly the historical global dynamic of Anthropology puts into question the nature and effects of such a globalisation of the discipline. Alternate dynamics are explored in the conclusion to try to overcome the unequal positions of the western and southern traditions of today