10.1016/j.nme.2019.01.007

Impact of impurities on the effective charge state distribution in the limiter plasmas of Wendelstein 7-X

Abstract

Carbon and oxygen have been identified as the two major impurities in the first limiter operational phase of the stellarator Wendelstein 7-X. We evaluate basic differences between these impurities regarding the effective charge state in the boundary region of the plasma utilizing a computational approach. The method applied here is based on the previous work [1] and extends it to two different impurity components within the same simulation. EMC3-EIRENE [2, 3] is applied here as a three dimensional edge plasma interpretation tool.Simulations indicate that an about twice as high release rate of carbon atoms is required to radiate the same amount of power as a pure (atomic) oxygen impurity, under the considered plasma parameters. A parameter scan of relative carbon to oxygen radiation contributions allows the corresponding impurity release fraction to be quantified, if one of the two release rates is known. Assuming the typical empirical carbon release rate of 2% of the incident hydrogen ion flux, we find that then there must be a significant additional oxygen source in the system in order to match the measured power loss. Keywords: Wendelstein 7-X, Plasma-wall interaction, Numerical diagnostic, EMC3-EIRENE, Impuritie

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oai:doaj.org/article:f79b5ddf067e4aa3a399f4e4ad85564bLast time updated on 6/4/2019

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